The head of Financial Research, Training & Consulting, LLP, Dr. Antonios (Tony) Antoniou previously engaged as professor of finance at Durham University in the United Kingdom. Dr. Antonios Antoniou has a strong interest in finance and banking systems, and is particularly drawn to the way in which economic interests can be a vital tool in conflict resolution.
In 2005, a pair of researchers spanning the University of Maryland and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem earned a Nobel Prize in economics for employing game theory in examining conflicts between corporations and nations. Game theory is an interactive analytical framework that provides a way of evaluating strategies ranging from wars to international trade agreements.
The scholars’ groundbreaking work examined how cooperation is successfully enacted among certain groups of countries and organizations while others remain conflict prone. They built on research extending to the 1950s and Prof. Thomas C. Schelling’s classic book The Strategy of Conflict (1981), which illustrates how significantly worsening one’s options can strengthen one’s competitive position, and that maintaining ability to retaliate is often more vital than resisting attack.
Seen through a Cold War lens, these insights had an outsized role in defining efforts to avoid nuclear war and negotiate an end to seemingly intractable conflicts.